International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology

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Review Article |

Climate Change Effects on Hatching Success, Embryonic Development and Larvae Survival of Freshwater Fish: A Critical Review

Climate change presents a complex challenge to aquatic ecosystems, profoundly affecting fish populations, especially during their critical early life stages. The embryonic and larval phases are particularly vulnerable, drawing increased attention from those seeking to understand the factors contributing to higher mortality rates. Notably, environmental variables, particularly water temperature, emerge as crucial determinants of early fish life survival. This comprehensive review explores the intricate interplay between rising water temperatures due to climate change and the processes governing fish embryonic development, hatching success, and larvae survival. It synthesizes existing research, elucidating diverse responses among fish species to this environmental stressor and delving into the physiological and molecular mechanisms at play, including growth, development, and gene expression. The review also addresses potential ecological and economic implications, underscoring the pressing need for ongoing research, conservation initiatives, and adaptive management strategies. A nuanced understanding of the relationship between climate change and early fish life stages is imperative for ensuring the resilience and sustainability of fish populations amid ongoing environmental transformations.

Climate Change, Fish Embryonic Development, Growth and Development, Gene Expression, Ecological Impacts, Management Strategies

APA Style

Mohibul Hasan, M., Sultana Mely, S., Faruk, A., Nayeem Hossain, M. (2023). Climate Change Effects on Hatching Success, Embryonic Development and Larvae Survival of Freshwater Fish: A Critical Review. International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology, 8(4), 49-53.

ACS Style

Mohibul Hasan, M.; Sultana Mely, S.; Faruk, A.; Nayeem Hossain, M. Climate Change Effects on Hatching Success, Embryonic Development and Larvae Survival of Freshwater Fish: A Critical Review. Int. J. Ecotoxicol. Ecobiol. 2023, 8(4), 49-53. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20230804.11

AMA Style

Mohibul Hasan M, Sultana Mely S, Faruk A, Nayeem Hossain M. Climate Change Effects on Hatching Success, Embryonic Development and Larvae Survival of Freshwater Fish: A Critical Review. Int J Ecotoxicol Ecobiol. 2023;8(4):49-53. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20230804.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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