Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 29-35
Agroforestry: A Supplementary Method for Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
Kassahun Mulatu, Department of Natural Resource Management, College of Agriculture And Natural Resource, Mizan Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Debela Hunde, Department of Natural Resource Management, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 20, 2019;       Accepted: May 25, 2020;       Published: Sep. 16, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijee.20200503.11      View  65      Downloads  12
Abstract
Biodiversity conservation in current era of increasing global climate change and rapid land degradation is a major challenge globally. Agroforestry is an important land use system addressing biodiversity conservation and enhancing social and environmental goals. However, there is scarcity of empirical evidence on contributions of agroforestry for conservation of biodiversity and reduction of CO2 emission. This paper aimed to provide empirical information on the role of agroforestry for conservation of flora and fauna biodiversity and climate change mitigation and adaptation. The result revealed agroforestry has contributed huge role in conservation of fauna and flora diversity and mitigation of CO2 than open cereal based agriculture. Trees in agroforestry are the important component in conservation and mitigation of climate change effects. Binding CO2 through biomass and soil, reducing other causes for CO2 emission such as deforestation and microclimate modification are major climate change mitigation actions. Provision of numerous other ecosystem services to people and their agroecosystem such as provisioning services (shelter, food, fodder, etc.), regulating services (pest and diseases control, modification of microclimate, reducing wind effect, etc.) and supporting services (nutrient cycling) help them build the resilience towards changing climate effects. Hence, responsible bodies must consider the huge potential of agroforestry in their conservation and climate change mitigation and adaption strategy.
Keywords
Agroforestry, Supplementary Method, Flora and Fauna Diversity, Mitigation of CO2, Ecosystem Services
To cite this article
Kassahun Mulatu, Debela Hunde, Agroforestry: A Supplementary Method for Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 29-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20200503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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