Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 48-53
Multiplication of Red Worms (Eiseniafetida) Using Different Feeding Materials and Its Effect on Yield and Quality of Vermicompost
Amante Lemma, Batu Soil Research Center, Batu, Oromia, Ethiopia; Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Finfinne, Ethiopia
Received: Oct. 14, 2020;       Accepted: Nov. 6, 2020;       Published: Nov. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijee.20200504.12      View  104      Downloads  21
Abstract
The earthworms (Eiseniafetida) were collected from Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Centerand introduced in cattle manure, paunch manure and cattle manure supplemented with wheat sraw, paunche manuresupplemented with wheat sraw and cattle manure plus paunch manure supplemented with wheat sraw.300 numbers of red worms (Eisenia fetida) were introduced in to each treatment. At the end of vermicomposting, the earthworm populationand vermicompost amounts were examined to assess the effect of feeding materials on multiplication of worms (Eisenia fetida), vermicompost yield and vermicompost qualities. The highest numberof worms (688.3) was achieved in the paunch manureand lowest (333.7) in the cattle manure vermicompost as sole source of feeding material as compared to all treatments. But the amount of vermicompost was found to be highest (9.6 kg) in mixture of paunch manure and wheat straw vermicompost. The vermicompost samples were analyzed for the parameters: pH, EC, total nitrogen, organic carbon, available phosphorus. The laboratory analysis results showed highest total nitrogen (3.03%), organic carbon (31.04%), andavailable phosphorus (1523 mg/kg) were recorded in case of vermicompost prepared paunch manure alone. The C:N ratio of all vermicompost samples was in the optimum range (< 20%) and the EC of vermicompost prepared from paunch manure was in the optimum range and the rest were above the optimum rangeof EC values for plants growth. However, the bedding materials give different results and have their own characteristic on selected physic-chemical parameters, all the vermicompost samples were contains sufficient amount of plant nutrients and optimum pH for the better seed germination, plant growth and best fertility and quality of soil. Therefore, all the vermicompost samples could be used as organic fertilizer in agriculture. But based on its highest number of red worms (Eiseniafetida), highestyield of vermicompost and highest total nitrogen contents, organic carbon andavailable phosphorus, vermicompost prepared from paunch manure as sole source of feeding material was considered as quality vermicompost.
Keywords
Vermicompost, Paunch Manure, Cattle Manure, Wheat Straw, Earthworm, Mineralization
To cite this article
Amante Lemma, Multiplication of Red Worms (Eiseniafetida) Using Different Feeding Materials and Its Effect on Yield and Quality of Vermicompost, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 48-53. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20200504.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Manaig Elena M., (2016). Vermicomposting Efficiency and Quality of Vermicompost with Different Bedding Materials and Worm Food Sources as Substrate. Research Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Vol. 4 (1), 1-13.
[2]
Sinha, Rajiv, Herat, Sunil, Valani, Dalsukhbhai, Chauhan, and Krunalkumar, (2009). Earthworms Vermicompost: A Powerful Crop Nutrient over the Conventional Compost & Protective Soil Conditioner against the Destructive Chemical Fertilizers for Food Safety and Security. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 5 (S): 01-55.
[3]
Amir Khan and Fouzia Ishaq, (2011). Chemical nutrient analysis of different composts (Vermicompost and Pitcompost) and their effect on the growth of a vegetative crop Pisum sativum, Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research, 1 (1): 116-130.
[4]
Korkmaz Belliturk, (2018). Some Evaluations about Use of Vermi-compost in Agricultural Activity of Thrace Region, Turkey: A Review, Rice Research-Open Access Vol. 6.
[5]
M C Borah, P Mahanta, S K Kakoty, U K Saha and A D Sahasrabudhe, (2007). Study of quality parameters in vermicomposting, Indian Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 6, pp. 410-413.
[6]
Sandeep, Dharambir Singh, Jyoti Yadav and Urmila, (2017). Assessment of nutrient status of vermicompost of leaf litter using Eisenia fetida. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies; 5 (2): 1135-1137.
[7]
O Chukwu, PA Adeoye, I Chidiebere, (2011). Abattoir wastes generation, management and the environment: a case of Minna, North Central Nigeria, Vol. 1, No. 6, p. 100-109.
[8]
Ron Fleming, P. Eng., and Malcolm Mac Alpine, (2004) Composting Paunch Manure with Solid Cattle Manure, Ridge town College - University of Guelph, Ridge town, ON, N0P 2C0.
[9]
Anon Chaulagain*, Biboss Maharjan, Rajiv Pathak, Shristi Piya, Sharmila Chimoriya, Inisa Shrestha, Dhurva P. Gauchan, Janardan Lamichhane, (2017). Effect of feeding materials on yield, quality of vermicompost, multiplication and reproduction of eisenia foetida, Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 13, No. II, pp 15-25.
[10]
Katheem Kiyasudeen et al., (2016). Prospects of Organic Waste Management and the Signifi cance of Earthworms, Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future, © Springer International Publishing Switzerland, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-24708-3-9.
[11]
Tadele Geremu, Alemayehu Diriba, Habtamu Hailu and Eshetu Ararso, (2018). Proceedings of Review Workshop on Completed Research Activities of Natural Resource Research Directorate Held at Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, Adami Tulu, Ethiopia.
[12]
Latifah Abd Manaf, Mohd Lokman Che Jusoh, Mohd Kamil Yusoff Tengku Hanidza Tengku Ismail, Rosta Harun & Hafizan Juahir, (2009). Influences of Bedding Material in Vermicomposting Process, International Journal of Biology, vol. 1, No. 1.
[13]
Kefyalew asseffa and tilahun firomsa, (2018). Assessment of nutrient contents of farmers used compost for crop production in east shewa and west arsi zones of oromia, Ethiopia. Proceedings of Review Workshop on Completed Research Activities of Natural Resource Research Directorate Held at Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, Adami Tulu, Ethiopia.
[14]
Muzafer Ahmad Sheikh and Pinky Dwivedi. (2017). “Physico-Chemical Parameters of Organic Manure, Soil and Impact of Organic Manure and NPK Fertilizer on Seed Germination of Soybean and Wheat.” International Journal of Engineering Technologies and Management Research, 4 (12: SE), 118-130. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1163891.
[15]
Mehdi Zarei, Vahid Alah Jahandideh Mahjen Abadi and Ameneh Moridi, (2017). Comparison of vermiwash and vermicompost tea properties produced from different organic beds under greenhouse conditions, International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, vol. 7: 25–32.
[16]
Jayanta Mistry, Ambika Prasad Mukhopadhyay and Gopi Nath Baur, (2015). Status of NPK in vermicompost prepared from two common weed and two medicinal plants, International Journal of Applied Science Biotechnol, Vol. 3 (2): 193-196.
Browse journals by subject